Stress fractures result when a bone is subjected to repetitive movement of greater intensity than it is used to bearing. Tiny cracks split the bone in order to absorb the impact. This may occur due to sheer force of the activity, or due to force combined with lack of appropriate padding inside the shoe.
Dr. Marso recommends that patients wear shoes with adequate padding in order to protect against this condition. To treat instance of stress fracture, he may recommend:
- Pain-relieving medication.
- Splinting or casting.
- A walking boot or brace.
Severe cases may require surgery. Left untreated, a stress fracture may widen into a complete fracture.